Acetyl Hexapeptide 8

Acetyl Hexapeptide 8: What You Should Know

Peptides, such as acetyl acetyl hexapeptide 8, are becoming a common ingredient in many anti-aging skin care products. This peptide, which is created synthetically, is also commonly known as Argireline and may be listed by either name in a skin care product’s ingredients. Unlike other peptides, which are commonly used to boost collagen production in the skin and increase the skin’s moisture retaining abilities, acetyl hexapeptide 8 works to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles by restricting certain nerve impulses and relaxing the muscles in the face. When these muscles are relaxed, the frown lines between the eyebrows, crow’s feet around the eyes, forehead wrinkles, and even smiles lines become smoother. While some companies that include acetyl hexapeptide 8 in their products claim that this peptide creates “Botox in a jar,” it does not mimic the effects of Botox exactly. Consumers who choose to use products with this ingredient should be aware of how it works to relax facial muscles, its similarities and differences to Botox, and its side effects, before making a purchasing decision.

How Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 Works

Acetyl hexapeptide 8 is a neuropeptide which communicates with neurotransmitters and restricts communication between neurons. This can make acetyl hexapeptide 8 a potentially effective treatment for several types of wrinkles.

For example, some wrinkles, like frown lines and crow’s feet, are mainly caused by muscle contractions. Repeated facial expressions cause these lines to deepen and make deep lines in the skin.

When the facial muscles are relaxed, their contractions become weaker, which causes wrinkles around the eyes, forehead, and nasolabial folds (which run from the sides of the nose to the corners of the mouth and are typically called “laugh lines”) to become less visible.

Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 vs. Botox

While acetyl hexapeptide 8 is similar to Botox in what it does, the effects are not nearly as powerful. Botox, which is a strong neurotoxin injected directly into forehead and other facial wrinkles, temporarily paralyzes the muscles to keep them from contracting. Acetyl hexapeptide 8, on the other hand, is much weaker and also has to penetrate through the skin to relax muscles.

As a result, you may want to approach products that contain this peptide and are marketed as “Botox in a jar” with caution, as acetyl hexapeptide 8 and Botox are not interchangeable in how they are applied to wrinkles and how they work.

In addition, the effectiveness of Botox has been proven in many clinical and medical trials, while Argireline is still being studied and to date, the publication of clinical trial data has been limited. While this isn’t to say that acetyl hexapeptide 8 is useless as an anti-aging skin care ingredient, you may want to keep in mind that the treatment of wrinkles is not dependent on one singular ingredient.

Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 Side Effects

While the effects of acetyl hexapeptide 8 are still being studied, few side effects have been connected to its use. The most common side effect is droopiness of the eyelids when a product it applied to crow’s feet. Some individuals have experienced dryness and mild irritation at the application site, but these side effects may be the result of sensitive skin.

It may behoove the consumer to refrain from applying products that contain this peptide to broken, sunburned, or irritated skin, as this may increase inflammation.

Instances of allergic reaction are not believed to be common with acetyl hexapeptide 8, but if you have never used peptides to treat wrinkles in the past, you may want to contact your dermatologist before adding products that contain it to your skin care regimen.

 

Matrixyl

Matrixyl: General Overview and Side Effects

The presence of peptide blends, such as Matrixyl, in anti-aging skin care products has increased in popularity over the past several years. Matrixyl, which is also known as palmitoyl-pentapeptide 3, was developed by the cosmetics company Sederma, and is a combination of several different peptides. This chemical formulation is designed to reduce the visibility of wrinkles and fine lines by boosting collagen production in the skin. Matrixyl can be found in a number of different skin care products, including cream and serums, or you can buy it in a pure concentration. Products that include this peptide blend may be a viable choice for your skin care kit, particularly if other anti-aging ingredients, such as retinol, have failed to work for you and you’re considering the switch to a peptide-based skin care regimen. However, Matrixyl may not be the right choice for everyone, and you might want to learn about how it works and what effects it might have on your skin before purchasing products that contain it.

Matrixyl History

Matrixyl was first introduced by Sederma in 2000. Sederma has been manufacturing chemical blends for cosmetics, crop care, and industrial uses for over five decades under the umbrella of its parent company, Croda.

In 2003, Sederma released a new Matrixyl formula, Matrixyl 3000, which includes a different blend of peptides than the original formulation and was designed specifically to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

The most recent addition to this ingredient lineup is Matrixyl Synthe’6, which is formulated to stimulate collagen production and communicate with healthy skin cells in order to keep them functioning properly. Today, Matrixyl ingredients can be found at a 2% concentration in a limited number of anti-aging serums and creams.

How Matrixyl Works

Matrixyl works in two ways; firstly, it penetrates the upper layers of the epidermis and mimics the properties of damaged collagen. As a result, your skin starts to produce more to replace what it perceives as damaged, adding extra collagen to the skin to increase its firmness.

Secondly, this peptide blend works to monitor skin cell activity to ensure that cells stay healthy and produce consistent amounts of new collagen. Some tests performed by the company claim that Matrixyl 3000, which contains the palmitoyl-tripeptide and palmitoyl-oligopeptide blend, is much more effective than the original formula. However, you may have to experiment with each formulation before you can gauge which is best for you.

Choosing a Matrixyl Product

Before you add a Matrixyl product to your anti-aging skin care kit, you may want to consider what exactly you are trying to treat. For example, if your skin has any other issues, such as dark spots, hyperpigmentation, or eczema, you may want to choose a product that combines Matrixyl with other ingredients, such as aloe vera, kojic acid, or hyaluronic acid to soothe inflammation and brighten skin tone.

If you are working only to fight wrinkles, then you may want to add a more concentrated version of Matrixyl to your skin care kit, but only after you’re aware of the possible side effects this ingredient might cause.

Matrixyl Side Effects

Matrixyl reviews online suggest that the peptide blend has very few side effects, and instances of redness or irritation were most likely the result of an allergic reaction. If you have experienced any allergic reaction to a skin care product in the past, you use Matrixyl sparingly until you can be sure that it won’t harm or inflame your skin; however, should you experience this problem, discontinue the use of this ingredient and seek treatment from your dermatologist.

NuFACE Review

Micro current technology may be a viable treatment for sagging skin and wrinkle reduction, and products that can be used at home are increasing in popularity, such as NuFACE. This handheld device delivers a mild microcurrent to the skin with the goal of stimulating collagen and elastin production, according to the manufacturer. NuFACE may be an anti-aging treatment option for those who want to tighten sagging skin without the use of harsh topical creams or costly spa treatments. The microcurrent device comes with several different changeable heads to provide users with a variety of treatments, from the cheek and jawbone area to the eye and lip area. NuFACE was founded in 2005 by Carol Cole, an esthetician whose goal was to offer people affordable, in-home microcurrent treatments so they could create their own skin care regimen and perform anti-aging treatments at their own convenience.

Where to Buy NuFACE

NuFACE is available at the company website, at a number of skin care retailers online, at some department store websites, and at select spa locations across the country. If you wish to buy this product locally, the company website features a store locator that will assist you in finding a retail outlet in your area. The manufacturer suggests that you only purchase NuFACE from an authorized dealer, as the company cannot guarantee the performance of a unit purchased from a resale or discount website.

Prices online for the NuFACE micro current device range from about $225 to $325, depending on whether you buy the device on its own or with a kit that includes other head attachments or topical gels.

Attachment heads are also sold separately and include one for wrinkle reduction and one for treating the skin around the eyes and lips. Each attachment retails for about $149 apiece, and depending on where you make your purchase, some attachments come with a priming gel that’s designed to boost the device’s effects and treat the surface of the skin.

If you have never used NuFACE before, there are instructional videos available on the company website that may help you learn to use your device more effectively.

How NuFACE Works

According to the manufacturer, NuFACE treats sagging skin, fine lines, and wrinkles by boosting collagen and elastin production via the microcurrents the device delivers. The microcurrents are designed to contour the muscles and skin of the face over time with daily use.

Users can choose quick five-minute treatments or a more intensive fifteen-minute regimen, which targets sagging skin and deeper wrinkles. The treatments are designed to be painless, which makes NuFACE a viable option for those who do not wish to undergo intensive spa treatments that may cause side effects, such as redness or swelling.

However, if you plan to use the collagen-boosting gel or the primer that are included in several of the company’s kits, you may want to research these products’ ingredients before making a purchase, especially if you have sensitive skin. A complete list of ingredients for the company’s gels and serums are available on the company website.

NuFACE Side Effects/Risks

Because NuFACE delivers micro-currents to the skin, those who have an implanted pacemaker should not use the device, as it might disrupt the function of such a unit. Some NuFACE reviews note that a few users experienced seeing flashes of light after using the device near their eyes, as the microcurrents may stimulate the optic nerve, but this side effect is usually short lived and did not trouble most users who experienced it. If you should develop any unusual symptoms after using NuFACE, discontinue usage of the device and seek the advice of a skin care professional.

How to Choose the Best Neck Cream for Your Skin Typ

There are a number of creams and serums you can add to your anti-aging skin care kit, with many different brands and ingredient formulations out there, but if you’re looking for the best neck cream, there are several considerations to keep in mind because of the unique qualities of the skin on this part of the body. There are many ways to choose a product that may help with lifting and tightening the skin on your neck, such as reading online reviews, asking your friends and family what brand they use and why, or asking your dermatologist what they might recommend. However, in order choose the best neck cream for your situation, it’s important not to simply focus on the most popular or expensive brand, but one that contains ingredients that are compatible with your skin type. While this might sound like a delicate balance, taking the time to find a neck cream that suits your skin type will help you avoid wasting money or dealing with excessive skin irritation. To start your search for the best neck cream, you must first identify your skin type and understand its needs.

 

Identifying Your Skin Type

 

One of the most common mistakes people make when they try to find the best neck cream for their skin is that they consider the cost or the ingredients before they consider their own skin type. For example, dry skin has different needs than oily skin, and sensitive skin will not be able to tolerate certain ingredients that are designed to treat wrinkles or sagging skin. Therefore, it’s important to take the time to think about your skin type, the products you already use, and why.

 

If you have dry skin, then the best neck cream will be one that contains one or more ingredients that moisturize the skin, such as hyaluronic acid, vitamin E, and aloe vera extract.

 

If you have sensitive skin that has reacted with inflammation or redness in the past, you may want to consider if certain anti-aging ingredients, such as retinol or citric acid, will cause a similar reaction. Retinol, in particular, is known for causing a reaction in those with sensitive skin, so you may want to consider alternatives, such as retinyl palmitate, which is a derivative of vitamin A but not as powerful; or glycolic acid, which has the power to remove layers of dead skin to reveal newer, firmer-looking skin with fewer side effects.

 

Once you have identified your skin type, the next step in finding the best neck cream is to narrow down your choices by discovering what the experts say about the brands you’re considering.

 

Finding the Best Neck Cream: What the Experts Say About Skin Types

There are many websites and blogs written by dermatologists and other skin care experts that may be helpful in your search for the best neck cream. These sites discuss individual brands, product lineups, and the ingredients they use, and how they might affect different skin types.

 

For example, if you have dry skin and you’re considering the use of a neck cream that has a number of effective ingredients but that also contains two or more alcohol-based ingredients, product reviews written by experts might alert you to this fact so that you can avoid drying your skin out even further, which may lead to itching, flaking, and general irritation.

These reviews may also help you find a neck cream that will combat the symptoms of dry skin while tightening and firming the skin of your neck at the same time.

 

Keep in mind that it may take a little time to find the best neck cream for your skin, but the journey will be worth it to achieve healthy, youthful-looking skin.

Chanel Le Lift Review

The Chanel Le Lift product line includes a number of products that focus on reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles with a number of creams that moisturize the skin. The different variety of creams in the collection allows users to choose which formulations best suit their skin type, which is important when choosing anti-aging products. Chanel Le Lift products are a part of the larger company lineup, which includes fragrances, a variety of skin care items, makeup, and fashion items, such as clothing and handbags. The company was founded in France by Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel in 1909 and today, it sells its products on a worldwide scale. The Chanel Le Lift collection of products may be a viable skin care option for women over the age of forty and want to add products to their skin care regimen that fight fine lines and wrinkles that are caused by dry skin.

Where to Buy Chanel Le Lift

There are half a dozen products in the Chanel Le Lift collection, with prices falling in the $90-$175 range. While adding products from this line may stretch your skin care budget to its limit, you may also see it as an investment, especially if less costly anti-aging products have not worked for you in the past.

Prices from other distributors online do not vary greatly from those that are listed on the company website, although you may be able to find them at a discounted price on third-party resale sites from time to time.

Chanel Le Lift can be purchased directly from the company website, from other online retailers, from local beauty retail outlets, and in department stores that feature beauty and cosmetics counters. If you wish to buy the entire collection of Le Lift, then you may want to consider buying the products online, as not all department stores may carry the entire collection.

There is a store locator available on the company website, and shopping in stores may help you compare ingredient labels more easily, as the company does not offer ingredient lists with any Chanel Le Lift products online.

Chanel Le Lift Ingredients

While all the formulations in the Le Lift collection are different, they all contain ingredients for softening the skin.

For example, Le Lift Firming Anti-Wrinkle Crème Riche contains such ingredients as shea butter, jojoba extract, and meadowfoam extract, all of which are said to smooth and soften the skin. If you suffer from dry skin, these ingredients may be beneficial for smoothing the surface of the skin, reducing dryness, and therefore lessening the appearance of fine lines on the skin.

However, some of the other formulations in this product lineup include alcohol-based ingredients, which may cause the skin to dry out or cause irritation or redness in those with sensitive skin.

If you purchase Chanel Le Lift online, it may be wise to seek out a complete ingredient list on another skin care review site before you make a purchase.

Chanel Le Lift Side Effects

While most Chanel Le Lift reviews online don’t note a frequent instance of side effects, this does not preclude the possibility that they won’t occur. Some form of reaction to any skin care item is possible, especially if you have sensitive skin or a history of breakouts due to allergic reactions.

There are a number of plant-based ingredients contained in the lineup’s formulations, so you should consider your skin’s history and degree of sensitivity before using any of the products. If possible, visit a beauty counter near you that sells the Chanel Le Lift collection so you can sample the formulations before deciding if they are right for you.

Forehead Wrinkles

Treatments for Removing Forehead Wrinkles

Aging skin displays many symptoms, from an increasingly uneven tone, to the development of dark spots, to dryness and the appearance of different types of wrinkles; such as forehead wrinkles. While these wrinkles can be the most noticeable of those that form, there are ways to reduce their appearance. Treatments for reducing or erasing forehead wrinkles range from simple daily treatments to those that are more invasive (as well as costly), and the method you choose will most likely depend on your skin care budget, your tolerance to certain treatments, and what your dermatologist recommends. It’s also important to remember that not all treatments are suitable for all people who are seeking treatment. Before you choose a method of treatment for forehead wrinkles, you may want to consult your dermatologist to discuss your skin’s history and whether certain treatments are the best choice for its overall health.

Retinol for Forehead Wrinkles

If you’re considering a topical treatment for forehead wrinkles, then you may want to choose retinol-containing creams or serums. Retinol, which is another word for vitamin A, has been proven to have wrinkle-reducing abilities, and improve the body’s efficiency in destroying damage skin cells and flushing away toxins.

It works by encouraging healthy cells to act normally, especially in their production of collagen, the protein that keeps skin elastic and firm. When skin cells function normally, they create enough collagen to keep the skin from wrinkling.

Retinol comes in many formulations and can be found in anti-aging serums, moisturizers, and nighttime treatments. Nighttime treatments may be an especially viable option for those who have forehead wrinkles that are deeper, as the skin works to repair itself overnight, when it doesn’t have to work to defend itself from toxins during the day.

If you do plan to use a retinol treatment for your forehead wrinkles, keep in mind that products that are packaged in jars may compromise the efficacy of retinol and other ingredients once they are exposed to air. Therefore, you may want to choose one that’s packaged in a tube or bottle.

Hydrate Inside and Out

Dry skin is more prone to wrinkling, especially in the case of forehead wrinkles, so it’s important to hydrate the skin both inside and out. To hydrate your skin from the inside, drink at least 64 ounces of water a day. Some studies have shown that mineral water has been effective in reducing the appearance of wrinkles when ingested daily and consistently, so this is something to consider when you fill your water bottle each morning.

To hydrate your skin on the outside, use a daily moisturizer that contains UV protection to protect your skin from free radicals; hyaluronic acid, which attracts moisture from the atmosphere and binds it to the skin; and vitamin E, which creates a barrier on the skin to allow it to retain moisture longer.

You may want to avoid products that contain alcohol, which can dry out the skin if used on a daily basis.

Botox Injections

If you find that topical treatments aren’t working for your forehead wrinkles, then you may want to consider Botox injections. During treatment, a doctor injects this toxin into the skin, which prevents muscular contractions in the treated area and keeps the skin smooth.

However, Botox injections often include a number of side effects, including bumps and lumps under the skin, traveling of the toxin into other parts of the face, and in some cases, infection at the injection site.

Before you consider this forehead wrinkle treatment, you should discuss all possible side effects and risks with a qualified cosmetic surgeon.

HydroPeptide

HydroPeptide: Product Line Overview

The use of peptides in skin care is more popular than ever, and several companies, such as HydroPeptide, have made peptides the cornerstone of their products and their approach to skin care. This company, which was founded in 2004, focuses on the use of peptides to reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, dark spots, and dryness. HydroPeptide carries a wide variety of skin care products, most of which deal with treating the signs of aging. However, those looking for cleansing, toning, and moisturizing products can find such items in the company’s lineup as well. HydroPeptide products are available on an international scale.

HydroPeptide Price and Purchasing Information

HydroPeptide products can be purchased directly from the company website and from select spas and doctors’ offices across the United State. Shoppers can find a local provider by using the search function offered on the company website, and those who do not wish to order products online can order them by phone as well. While many products are available at doctors’ offices throughout the country, the formulations themselves are not prescription strength.

The prices for HydroPeptide products range from about $45 for the cleansing and toning products, to about $170 for its age-defying serums, such as the Boost and Block kit, which works to reduce fine lines and wrinkles while it protects the skin from UV rays, according to the manufacturer.

While these prices may stretch a modest skin care budget, if you’ve been looking for a peptide-infused skin care line to treat aging skin, then this collection may be worth the cost.

HydroPeptide Ingredients

The main active ingredient in many of the company’s products is a blend of peptides, which are proven skin cell communicators that encourage their healthy behavior. When skin cells behave normally, they produce collagen to keep the skin firm and retain moisture to stay hydrated.

Unlike topical collagen creams, the peptide blends found in HydroPeptide products may have the ability to penetrate the upper layers of the skin, where the peptides can work more effectively. According to the manufacturer, the company currently uses over fifty different peptides in their skin care products, including those that bind water to healthy skin cells to improve hydration.

Other ingredients found in several different HydroPeptide products include a number of natural extracts, such as sweet pea, sunflower, and lemon peel. These ingredients serve to soften the skin and provide it with antioxidant protection. Antioxidants work to destroy free radicals that are absorbed into the skin when it is exposed to the UV rays of the sun.

Products that include SPF protection often contain titanium dioxide and zinc oxide, both of which filter out harmful UV rays and prevent premature aging and dark spots, both of which can occur with sun exposure.

While most HydroPeptide reviews online don’t report a high instance of side effects, those with sensitive skin may want to consult their dermatologist before using the company’s products.

HydroPeptide Side Effects

HydroPeptide products are dermatologist-tested and the risk of suffering side effects is believed to be low. However, those who have experienced sensitivities to skin care products in the past or who have skin allergies should use them sparingly upon initial application until their skin grows accustomed to the new products.

Individuals who have skin allergies may want to consider purchasing HydroPeptide directly from their doctor so that they can use the products under the supervision and guidance of a skin care professional.

While reading HydroPeptide reviews online may help you gauge whether the products are the right choice for your own individual skin type, getting advice from your dermatologist will ensure its overall health during treatment.

Image Skin Care Reviews

Individuals who want to build a complete skin care kit from one brand’s products may want to consider Image Skin Care as a viable choice. This company, which was founded in 2003 and is currently based in Palm Beach, Florida, offers a wide variety of skin care products that range from everyday cleansers, toners, moisturizers, and body care items to collections that target specific skin problems, such as fine lines and wrinkles, redness, and acne. All Image Skin Care products are sold over the counter and do not require a prescription from your dermatologist. The company’s goal is to offer their customers cutting-edge skin care products that include ingredients such as peptides, retinol, and alpha and beta hydroxy acids. Image Skin Care is available in the U.S. and a number of other countries throughout the world.

Where to Buy Image Skin Care Products

Image Skin Care is available in salons, spas, and select doctors’ offices throughout the country. According to the manufacturer, there are a number of websites that sell Image Skin Care products without being authorized to do so, and as a result, the company cannot guarantee the efficacy of any products that are not purchased directly from an authorized dealer.

The company website offers a list of local retailers so that you can buy the product locally and ask questions about individual items and how their ingredients might affect your skin.

Image Skin Care does not offer any information about the cost of their products online, as prices may vary from retailer to retailer. You may be able to get some idea about price range by looking for products online, but you might get more accurate information by contacting your dermatologist or local spa.

If you do decide to purchase products online, prices range from about $25-$50; however, you may want to keep in mind that you run the risk of buying an expired or counterfeit product when you shop from an unauthorized site and as a result, their ingredients may not be as effective.

Image Skin Care Ingredients

While formulations for each Image Skin Care product vary, the company uses a number of ingredients that have been proven on certain skin issues such as wrinkles, acne, and dark spots on the skin. For example, the company offers half a dozen products that feature retinol as their main ingredient. Retinol, which is a derivative of vitamin A, works to fight wrinkles by boosting cell turnover so that new skin is revealed at a faster rate and by communicating with healthy skin cells so they continue to produce collagen and maintain healthy behavior.

 

Several retinol products offered by Image Skin Care, such as its Reconstructive Repair Crème, are formulated to rejuvenate the skin and ease the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Other products, such as the Reconstructive Lightening Crème, are designed to lighten dark spots on the skin caused by sun damage and hyperpigmentation.

 

Other ingredients common to this company’s products include vitamin C, which is a powerful antioxidant; glycolic acid, which removes debris from clogged pores and dead skin from the upper layers of the epidermis to eliminate acne; and peptides, which boost hydration and communicate with skin cells to keep them healthy.

 

However, if you have never used any of these ingredients in skin care before, it is best to consult your dermatologist before application to lower the risk of side effects.

 

Image Skin Care Side Effects

A large percentage of Image Skin Care reviews online note that most products included in this brand’s lineup have a low instance of side effects because they are formulated to be gentle on sensitive skin and do not contain preservatives. However, some ingredients in this product line, such as retinol and AHAs, may cause sun sensitivity, peeling, and itching. Therefore, you may want to discuss which Image Skin Care products are best suited to your skin type with a dermatologist before.

Immuderm

Immuderm: Product Overview

Immuderm is an anti-wrinkle cream manufactured and distributed by Immuncorp. The company was founded in 1998 and its main offices are currently located in Long Beach, California. Immuderm is one of several products offered by the company, and other items include supplements to boost the immune system, nasal spray, as well as several other skin care products formulated to brighten and rejuvenate the skin. This anti-wrinkle cream may be a viable choice for those who want a product that is formulated to protect their skin from environmental toxins, such as smoke, dust, and pollution as it works to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Immuderm is available without a prescription and can only be purchased online.

Where to Buy Immuderm

Immuderm is available for purchase on the company website and on other retail skin care sites. The product is only available in one size (6 ounces) and is packaged in a plastic squeeze tube. This type of packaging keeps the ingredients from becoming oxidized, which can happen when skin care products are packaged in jars. As a result, purchasing Immuderm may save you money and help you stretch your skin care budget by avoiding waste.

The price for a 6 ounce tube of Immuderm ranges from about $40-$90. The company website offers discount options, while other websites that carry this product may offer on-site coupons or instant savings when you buy more than one tube. According to a number of Immuderm reviews online, the price is well worth it, because of the specialized ingredients the cream contains.

Immuderm Ingredients

The main active ingredient in Immuderm is beta glucan, which is derived from baker’s yeast and helps firm the skin while reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, according to the manufacturer. However, while this does seem like a unique and exciting ingredient, the company has not published any findings or clinical test results regarding the effects of beta glucan on the skin.

Other ingredients in this anti-aging cream include vitamin C, which is an antioxidant that seeks out and destroys free radicals that damage healthy skin cells; jojoba oil, which is an anti-inflammatory that may reduce redness as it softens the skin; and ubiquinone, which is a coenzyme and has the ability to penetrate the uppermost layers of the skin to fight damage caused by free radicals and boost collagen production.

Immuderm also contains several different natural antioxidants, including green tea extract and vitamin A; however, the formulation also contains fragrance, which may irritate those with sensitive skin.

If you have never used this anti-aging product in the past, you may want to perform a skin patch test before applying the product to larger areas of the skin.

How to Use Immuderm

Immuderm is formulated for use twice a day, in the morning and in the evening, as part of your daily cleansing regimen. Ensure that your skin is dry before applying the cream.

Apply a thin layer of the product to your face and then work it in gently. You may also use Immuderm on your neck, but you should avoid getting the cream too close to your eyes. There is no need to rinse your skin after application.

A few Immuderm reviews noted that the cream was difficult to work into the skin; however, this was not a common complaint, and it is important not to use too much cream during an application, as this can make the skin overly greasy and may cause breakouts.

Immuderm Side Effects

While this anti-aging cream is believed to have a low instance of side effects, those with sensitive skin may react to the vitamin A or fragrance ingredients it contains. If you do experience redness, unusual rashes or swelling, discontinue use and consult your dermatologist

Kojic Acid Cream

Kojic Acid Cream: General Information and Uses

If you suffer from melasma or hyperpigmentation and found treatment with a hydroquinone cream damaging, then you may want to consider the use of a kojic acid cream. Kojic acid, which is derived from the extracts of certain species of fungi, has been proven to lighten dark spots on the skin caused by sun damage or an excess of pigmentation brought on by hormonal changes in the body, or because of certain genetic factors. Kojic acid cream has a number of advantages over man-made skin lighteners, but before you consider adding it to your skin care kit, knowing a little more about how it works to lighten the skin, how to choose a product that suits your skin, and the possible side effects of using it can help you make a well-informed purchasing decision. Kojic acid cream can be purchased at many online skin care retailers and local pharmacies that carry a wide variety of skin care items.

How Kojic Acid Works

Before you can choose a kojic acid cream, it’s important to first understand how it works. The acid is created through the fermentation of malting rice and fungi. When used in skin care products, this acid slows the production of melanin in the skin, which is the pigment produced by the body that creates skin color.

In the case of hyperpigmentation or melasma, the body creates too much melanin, which leads to dark spots on the face, neck, and arms. While these skin problems can present anywhere on the body, they are most common on the face and hands.

When used consistently, kojic acid cream can prevent the spread of dark patches, freckles, and other dark spots on the skin while lightening those that already exist. Many formulations also include other beneficial ingredients that help to moisturize and soothe the skin, depending on which brand you choose.

Kojic Acid Cream Ingredients

If you have dry, sensitive, or aging skin, then it’s a good idea to choose a kojic acid cream that contains ingredients to support your skin, in addition to lightening the skin.

For example, if you want to lighten dark patches and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, then choose a formulation that includes ingredients such as retinol or amino acids (which may be listed as peptides) to boost cell turnover and hydrate the skin.

If you have skin that is prone to redness or irritation, then you may want to consider a kojic acid cream that contains soothing elements like aloe vera and cucumber extract. Avoid formulations that contain paraben-based preservatives and heavy fragrances, as these have been known to cause allergic reactions in sensitive skin.

How to Use Kojic Acid Cream

Once your dermatologist has determined that kojic acid cream is a viable treatment option for your hyperpigmentation or melasma, it is important to strictly follow her instructions for administering the cream, in order to reduce the severity of your symptoms.

While every product will have varying instructions on how to apply the cream, in general, you should wash your face before application.

Most formulations are safe enough to use twice a day, but you may want to avoid using a strong soap or cleanser in tandem with any kojic acid cream unless it’s been approved by your dermatologist. Wash and dry your face completely and then apply a thin layer of the cream to affected areas of the skin. Massage it gently into the skin until it is well absorbed. Depending on which kojic acid cream you use, it may take several weeks for results to show.